The main objective of the LIFE Salinas Project is the conservation of the Audouin’s gull (Larus audouinii) and the priority habitats 1510 *: Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia) and 2250 *: Littoral dunes with Juniperus spp. in the protected area.
The Habitats Directive (Directive 92/43 / EEC of 21 May 1992, on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora) defines natural habitats of community interest as natural or semi-natural areas, terrestrial or aquatic, which are located throughout the territories of the member states of the EU and fall under any of the following criteria: a) in danger of disappearance in their natural range, b) a reduced natural range following their regression or due to being intrinsically restricted and c) those areas with representative examples of one or more of the biogeographical regions in the European Union.
The Directive also categorizes those natural habitat types that are threatened with disappearance and whose conservation involve a special responsibility on behalf of the EU as priority natural habitat types.
LIFE Salinas has focused on the conservation of the following priority habitats:
• 1510 * “Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia)”. They are associations of perennial plants, mostly immortelle and albardine, on humid soils and with large amounts of salt. Its vegetation is conditioned by the salinity of the substrate, its topography and the periods of summer drought.
• 2250 * “Littoral dunes with Juniperus spp.“. Habitat formed by stabilized dunes covered with shrubs or small trees adapted to strong coastal winds laden with salt. The dunes representative species is the juniper. It is also common to find other species such as the mastic or black hawthorn. Its vegetation is conditioned by the sea, the wind, the sandy substrate and a soil that is poor in nutrients with little capacity to retain water.